Minorities: Prison

The number of sentenced prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction per 100,000 U.S. residents, by gender, race, Hispanic origin.
The number of sentenced prisoners under state or federal jurisdiction per 100,000 U.S. residents, by gender, race, Hispanic origin.  

Related "Issue of the Day" Entries

Disparities Continue in Minority Communities
Published Thursday, January 22nd, 2009

In President Obama’s inaugural speech, he stated that “We are shaped by every language and culture, drawn from every end of this Earth; and because we have tasted the bitter swill of civil war and segregation and emerged from that dark chapter stronger and more united.” In the United States minorities make up 33% (Hispanics 15%, Black 13.5% and Asian 5%) of the population where in 67% of the population is Non-Hispanic White. The strides that minorities have overcome are remarkable, but some inequalities still exist.

As for Educational Attainment, in 2006 the Hispanic population experienced the lowest high school degree attainment percentages—55%—of all minorities, other minorities came in at 83% of the Asian Community and 74% of the Black Community. The White community held the highest percentage of HS degrees at 85%. The average income for the white families averages to $54,920, Black families earned $33,916, Hispanics families earned $35,000, and Asian families earned $52,000 annually. Health Insurance coverage varies widely with both White and Asian communities holding the first and second place with nearly 80% privately covered, yet 49% of the Black community and 50% of the Hispanic community holds private coverage. Regarding public health rolls, the Blackcommunity has 24.5%, compared to 21.8% of the Hispanics. The uninsured percentage of the two groups is at 19.7% and 32.7% respectivly.  The greatest disparity is crime, in which the Black community at 13% of the population experiences 49.3% of the total murders and is imprisoned 3200 out of 100,000 of its own population.

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Learn More

U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics: Jail Population - http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/abstract/pjim06.htm
Presents data on prison and jail inmates collected from National Prisoner Statistics counts and the Annual Survey of Jails, 2006. This annual report provides the number of inmates and the overall incarceration rate per 100,000 residents for each State and the Federal system. It offers trends since 2000 and percentage changes in prison populations since midyear and yearend 2005.

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U.S. Department of Justice: Disproportionate Minority Contact - http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/dmc/index.html
This site, though not exhaustive, lists all State studies and reports related to disproportionate minority contact (DMC) available at the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.