Overall military spending by major category such as procurement (purchasing), construction and major equipment.
New Focus at Department of Defense Increases Spending
Published Wednesday, June 17th, 2009
U.S. Defense spending increased for the fiscal year 2010 and is projected to increase slightly again in 2011. This comes despite Defense Secretary Robert Gates’ cuts to weapons programs. The Obama Administration announced early that spending will focus more on intelligence, cyber security, and unmanned systems — used heavily in Iraq and maritime versions being built for the Navy. Plus, as North Korea stretches its nuclear program, the administration is seeking $7.8 billion for the Pentagon’s Missile Defense Agency in the 2010 budget year, down about $1.2 billion from 2009. For Homeland Security, the House Appropriations Committee approved several high tech improvements for fiscal year 2010, including $692 million for the DHS Border Security, Fencing, Infrastructure and Technology account.
Since 1980, the defense budget went from $32,486 billion to $126,311 billion, spending the most on procurement/purchasing from military contracts. The operations budget, which contains the War supplement, has actually reduced this year to $144 billion, down $50 billion from last year. As for the Department of Homeland Security spending and its mission areas, all categories such as domestic counterterrorism, border security, protecting infrastructure increased in 2007. The only mission that decreased was spending on catastrophic events plus emergency preparedness, which was virtually steady from 2006-2007.
Defense Budget has Doubled in 8 Years
Published Tuesday, April 7th, 2009
Secretary Gates is expected to target several major conventional warfare programs in favor of spending on technologies more useful to the ‘asymmetrical’ wars in which the US is embroiled. Projects will be cut: the Army’s $150 billion Future Combat Systems, which proposes to sync manned and unmanned ground and aerial vehicles, the Air Force’s demands for more F-22 stealth fighter jets, 11 of the Navy’s aircraft carriers and a new $20 billion satellite. The President has even suggested that upgrades to Marine One will be delayed. The Pentagon has stated that this is a shift in direction and not cuts to the bottom line.
The Obama administration has pledged to integrate the war supplemental requests into the Department of Defense’s base budget. This will, of course, reduce future supplemental budgets but will increase the department’s base budgets. After 8 years of war, the budget for the Department of Defense (DOD) has nearly doubled from $387 billion in 2000 to $709 billion in 2008. However, the fiscal year 2009 total DOD budget is $687 billion, which includes the war supplement of $144 billion, a reduction of $50 billion from the 2008 fiscal year war supplement total of $194 billion.
The White House: FY2008 Defense Budget - http://www.defenselink.mil/
The cost of military operations is the largest component of this funding in both 2007 and 2008. Another priority in this request is to ensure that the troops have the tools and equipment that they need. This funding includes programs to replace or refurbish military equipment lost or damaged in combat or through wear and tear.
Defense Reform - http://www.defenselink.mil/dodreform/index.htm
The underlying principles for Defense Reform are to focus the enterprise on a unifying vision, commit the leadership to change, focus on core competencies, streamline organizations for agility, invest in people, exploit information technology, and break down barriers between organizations.