The overall world female labor force participation rates, by country of population 15-64 years old. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OCED) comprises of over 30 countries including the US which works to facilitate economic growth. The European Union is made up of 27 countries, 15 of which are the original signatories (EU-15). The major-7 organization comprises: Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, United States.
Vacations Days Have Decreased for US Workers
Published Tuesday, September 22nd, 2009
Recent reports show that women take nearly 50% more sick leave than men. In a study conducted by the the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 1999, job absence rates are higher for women than for men, about 5.1% of women (including 5.6% of women aged 20-24) were absent in the average week, compared with 2.7% of men. This means women worked less than 35 hours during the week because of injury, illness, or some various reasons. Among those absent, women were more likely to be absent due to reasons other than injury and illness. Absence rates do not vary much by age: 55 or older had the highest absence rate at 4.2%, 16-19 years old at 4.0%, 20-24 year olds at 3.9% and the lowest is the 25-54 year olds at 3.7%. The global participation of women in the labor force grew consistently during this period of time.
Absence for various reasons has, for the most part, decreased slowly between 500 to 100 days per year from that of 1970. By far the greatest decrease has occurred in vacation days, from a height 3,500 in 1990 to 2,900 in 2005.
Labor Participation Limits Children for Some
Published Tuesday, August 25th, 2009
In recent decades, the increasing participation of women in paid work has been driving employment and fertility trends. For example, the United Nations states that the gap between males and females in the labor force has been shrinking as labor growth for women eclipsed that of men for every region of the world except Africa. In developed countries, like the United States, increasing female labor force participation has been linked to the completion of the fertility transition — the point at which couples of all races and income begin to deliberately limit the number of children women bear.
By 1980, fertility levels in most of the developed industrialized countries were already close to or below the replacement rate of 2.1 children per woman. Labor force participation rates of women in the prime ages of 25-54 years continued to rise in the 1990s to between 60 to 85 percent and by the turn of the century fertility was well below replacement. In several of the transition economies, the economic participation of women has actually been falling, especially in the 1980s, but there has been a clear decline in fertility rates, especially in the 1990s, almost to below replacement. However, developing countries have only seen a slow decline or in some cases stalled.
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Department of Labor: Women's Bureau - http://www.dol.gov/wb/stats/main.htm
To improve the status of wage-earning women, improve their working conditions, increase their efficiency, and advance their opportunities for profitable employment. The Women's Bureau promotes 21st Century solutions to improve the status of working women and their families. Better Jobs! Better Earnings! Better Living!
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Today's Department of Labor (DOL) represents the workforce of the 21st Century. The Women's Bureau (WB), through its Strengthening the Family Initiatives – Better Jobs, Better Earnings, Better Living and Value-Added Partners – will continue to prepare women for tomorrow’s jobs.