|Research: Stem Cells|
Federal Funding for Stem Cell Research before and after the 2001 compromise of embryonic stem cell research.
First Successful Stem-Cell Transplant
Published Wednesday, November 19th, 2008
In the News, doctors in Spain have carried out the world’s first ever tissue-engineered whole organ for transplant by using a patients own stem cells gathered from bone marrow from the patient’s hip. Before, at New York’s Mt. Sinai Hospital, a similar procedure used donor and recipient stem cells. The procedure, if successful, will become the standard procedure for damaged windpipes. The growth of a tissue and cartilage structure is a milestone, but as Dr. Allan Kirk of the American Society of Transplantation stated, “constructing an entire organ is still a long way off.”
Stem cell research in the U.S. has not taken off like it has in other countries like Spain and the United Kingdom where most of the historic operation’s proceedures took place. The U.S. had imposed a ban in 1996 on any research that harms human embryos. Funding for embryotic stem cell research has been banned by the federal government since 2001, yet, some states such as California are funding embryotic stem cell research without federal funds. The only federal research funds allowed are for the 60 embryotic stem cell lines already created by 2001 and as a compromise, some $250 Million for adult stem cell research was issued. Federal funding for Stem cell research has multiplied 5 times since, from 1998 at $123 Million to $654 Million in 2007, with a great leap forward after 2001.
National Institute of Health: Stem Cells - http://stemcells.nih.gov/
Resources for Stem Cell Research in the United States
National Institute of Health: Stem Cells FAQs - http://stemcells.nih.gov/info/faqs.asp
In the FAQ's you can find information regarding Policy and funding options.